Facts about Philippines

About - Philippines

What is the full name of the Philippines ?
Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas)

What is the capital of the Philippines ?
Manila

Where is the Philippines located ?
Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean

What countries border the Philippines ?
The Philippines shares no land boundaries, but Taiwan, Vietnam, Borneo, Indonesia are all located across seas from the Philippines

What is the area of the Philippines ?
300, 000 square kilometers or 115, 831 square miles

What is the population of the Philippines ?
Around 100, 000, 000

How many islands make up the Philippine archipelago ?
7, 107

How is the Philippines divided ?
There are three main geographic groups of islands: Luzon, Visayas, Mindano

There are 17 Regions and 80 provinces in the Philippines Regions and Regional Centers

  • Ilocos Region – San Fernando, La Union
  • Cagayan Valley – Tuguegaro, Cagayan
  • Central Luzon – San Fernando, Pampanga
  • Calabarzon – Calamba, Laguna
  • Mimaropa – Calpan, Oriental Mindora
  • Bicol Region – Legazpi, Albay
  • Western Visayas – Iloilo City
  • Central Visayas – Cebu City
  • Eastern Visayas – Tacloban
  • Zamboanga Peninsula – Zamboanga City
  • Northern Mindanao – Cagayan de Oro
  • Davao Region – Davao City
  • Soccsksargen – Korondal, South Cotabato
  • Caraga – Butuan
  • Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao – Cotabato City
  • Cordillera Administrative Region – Baguio
  • National Capital Region – Manila

What is the currency of the Philippines ?
Philippine Peso (PHP)

When did the Philippines declare independence ?
The Philippines have declared independence from both Spain and the United States. Independence from Spain was declared on June 12, 1898. The Philippines declared independence from the United States on July 4, 1946.

When was the Philippines colonized by Spain ?
The Spanish explorer, Ferdinand Magellan came across the Philippines in 1512. Spain began developing permanent settlements in the Philippines starting with Cebu in 1565 and moving up to Manila on Luzon Island by 1571. The Spanish colonists unified the archipelago politically and began to convert the indigenous peoples to Christianity. They also brought schools and infrastructure. By 1896, the Philippine Revolution began against Spain. With the help of the United States, the First Philippine Republic declared independence from Spain.

Who were the major revolutionary figures of the Philippine Revolution ?
A secessionist group called the Katipunan was led by Andrés Bonifacio, who organized an attack on the capital (which failed) and Bonifacio was later executed.

Emilio Aguinaldo led a similar armed attacks soon after, eventually allying with the United States and declaring independence from Spain. Philippine independence was not recognized by Spain or the United States. Aguinaldo became the President of the First Philippine Republic in 1898.

How did the Philippines fall under United States rule ?
When the Philippines achieved independence from Spain in the 1898 Treaty of Paris, the United States took control. At that point, Filipinos had seen the United States as an ally, because the United States was at war with Spain in the Spanish-American War. With the Battle of Manila in 1899, fought between the United States and the Philippines, Aguinaldo declared the United States an enemy and declared war against them.

How long was the Philippine-American War ?
The war between the United States and the Philippines lasted about 3 years, from June 2, 1899 to July 4, 1902. The Filipino military were not as well-equipped, so the Americans won soon after Aguinaldo, the Filipino leader, was captured in 1901. The war ended when the United States agreed to establish the Philippine Commission and to extend the U.S. Bill of Rights to Filipinos. The Philippines then became a commonwealth of the United States.

When did the Japanese occupy the Philippines ?
Japan took control of the Philippines during World War II, from 1941 to 1945.

What is the official language of the Philippines ?
There are 2 official languages in the Philippines : Filipino and English

Recognized regional languages : Bikol, Cebuano, Hiligaynon, Ilokano, Pampango, Pangasinense, Tagalog, Waray
Recognized auxiliary languages : Arabic, Spanish

Are Filipino and Tagalog different languages ?
Not really. Most linguists differentiate language from a dialect by whether the two are mutually intelligible and whether they share the same grammar structure. Filipino and Tagalog are mutually intelligible and share grammar. Filipino was meant to be the standardized version of Tagalog, and is the national language of the Philippines. Calling the language “Filipino” was intended to disassociate the language with the Tagalog ethnic group. Filipino was also supposed to incorporate other indigenous language in the Philippines, but currently does not.

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